What is the Curriculum?
The curriculum is a course of study. The curriculum is referred to the lessons, and educational content taught in a school or a particular program. It is a group of subjects administered in a distinct area of study.
Significance of Curriculum Development
The curriculum plays an essential role in the development of teaching and learning. A good curriculum promotes moral values, ideals, and an exciting environment to study. Liability and efficiency are the two most potent values that can be included in a student at an early age. Educational boards like ICSE and CBSE have followed a particular curriculum in their textbook framework. The ICSE board has its own curriculum that encourages students academics and extracurricular activities. They emphasise more on class 10 and 12 syllabi, which helps students overall development. They also provide subject chapters along with ICSE sample papers for class 10 and class 12. This will allow students to score good marks in their board examinations. However, the new curriculum being improved with a more humanistic approach states the accountability of the students and parents.
The following has been perceived as a variance with the improvement of curriculum:
- Teachers have made it interactive.
- Graphics and imagery has been initiated to demonstrate a lesson
- Entertaining in a wide range of research for better clarification
- Teachers are also learning along with the students
- Less burden on traditional homework
- Advances comprehensive teaching
- Comprehends disparity
- Entertaining, innovative teaching for a wholesome learning experience
- Encourages gender sensitivity
Why is Curriculum Essential In Teaching And Learning?
- A steady, organised path: curriculum serves as a compass. It is a series of learning outcomes and activities that are related to each subject. The curriculum maps the way and provides ideas along the way to support teaching.
- Progress: if you are on the right path, then the credit goes to the well-crafted curriculum. Curriculum components are designed to develop concepts from the superficial level to the complex level. By following the curriculum, students make progress from year to year. Development is required while the curriculum grants this constant learning to take place.
- Common goals: curriculum has set out some plans for both teachers and students. Teachers have goals for what to teach in a given year, and students have goals for learning in a particular year. The curriculum also standardises goals for an entire school and provides a straightforward way for students to succeed from one grade to another.
- Constantly changing: curriculum is not latent but is revisited and updated frequently to reflect the present needs of the students. It is the result of collaboration and investigation. This will help students significantly by providing the latest information and emphasising the skills that are really needed for today.
Why Is Curriculum Development Significant In Learning?
The purpose of the education system is to gather knowledge with the best of outcomes. Nowadays, learning has become computer-based. Curriculum development is required to identify the role and position of teachers and reform their role as a teacher. In India, we have different educational boards such as the state board, ICSE board, CBSE board etc. All the educational boards follow a particular curriculum for classes from 1 to 12. The ICSE board syllabus is different from the CBSE board curriculum. The ICSE board has designed its curriculum in such a way that it balances both academics and extracurricular activities. However, curriculum development has revitalised the meaning of education.
Developed curriculum launches a lot of factors like:
- Motivates learning
- Strengthens cognitive thinking
- Stimulates inquisitiveness
- Employs in classroom teaching
- Fosters group study
- Self-introspection and self-consciousness
- Progresses self-development
- Enhances life and soft skills
Teaching and learning mean the teacher-student relationship. Earlier it was suppressed and one-sided, but now it has become more friendly and interactive. The curriculum development has introduced that the trained teachers should be rewarded and recognised the students’ talent whenever necessary.